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ロイター通信英語版には昨日の1万人デモの記載があるが、日本語版には無し

http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/06/16/us-japan-nuclear-idUSBRE85F02720120616

Japan approves two reactor restarts, more seen ahead

By Linda Sieg and Kiyoshi Takenaka
TOKYO | Sat Jun 16, 2012 5:52am EDT

(Reuters) - Japan on Saturday approved the resumption of nuclear power operations at two reactors despite mass public opposition, the first to come back on line after they were all shut down following the Fukushima crisis.

Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda, his popularity ratings sagging, had backed the restarts for some time. He announced the government's decision at a meeting with key ministers, giving the go-ahead to two reactors operated by Kansai Electric Power Co at Ohi in western Japan.

The decision, despite public concerns over safety after the big earthquake and tsunami crippled the Fukushima plant, could open the door to more restarts among Japan's 50 nuclear power reactors.

"There is no such thing as a perfect score when it comes to disaster prevention steps," Trade Minister Yukio Edano told a news conference after the announcement.

"But, based on what we learned from the Fukushima accident, those measures that need to be taken urgently have been addressed, and the level of safety has been considerably enhanced (at the Ohi plant)," he said.

Edano, who holds the energy portfolio, said the government policy to reduce Japan's dependence on nuclear energy in the medium- to long-term was unchanged despite the decision.

The decision is a victory for Japan's still-powerful nuclear industry and reflects Noda's concerns about damage to the economy if atomic energy is abandoned following the world's worst nuclear disaster since Chernobyl.

The push to restart the two Ohi reactors, before a potential summer power crunch, also underscores the premier's eagerness to win backing from businesses worried about high electricity costs that could push factories offshore. Kansai electric says it will take six weeks to get both reactors running fully.

But the decision risks a backlash from a public deeply concerned about nuclear safety. As many as 10,000 demonstrators gathered outside Noda's office on Friday night amid a heavy police presence to denounce the restarts, urging the premier to step down and shouting "Lives matter more than the economy."

"Prime Minister Noda's rushed, dangerous approval of the Ohi nuclear power plant restart ignores expert safety advice and public outcry, and needlessly risks the health of Japan's environment, its people and its economy," environmental group Greenpeace said in a statement.

PM'S FUTURE UNCERTAIN

Noda's own future is murky as he struggles to hold his fractious party together after cutting a deal with opposition rivals to double Japan's sales tax to 10 percent by 2015.

"I imagine there will be a fair number of (reactor) restarts by next year. The government under Noda is surprisingly eager," said Jeffrey Kingston, director of Asian studies at Temple University's Japan campus.

Nuclear power supplied almost 30 percent of electricity needs before the March 2011 disaster, which triggered meltdowns at Fukushima, spewing radiation and forcing mass evacuations.

The accident destroyed public belief in the "safety myth" promoted by Japanese nuclear power advocates for decades.

Activists have collected more than 7.5 million signatures on a petition urging an end to atomic power. Protesters have poured into the street almost daily over the past week.

All 50 reactors were shut down for maintenance or safety checks in the months since the accident. The government had placed a priority on gaining the approval of local communities for the Ohi restarts to avert July-August power shortages.

Critics say the government was too hasty in signing off on the restarts, especially given delays in setting up a new, more independent nuclear regulatory agency.

Public trust in regulators was tattered by evidence that cosy ties with utilities were a key reason Fukushima operator Tokyo Electric Power Co was unprepared for the tsunami, and subsequent signs that relations remain far too snug.

Parliament's lower house on Friday approved legislation to create a new atomic regulator, but getting it up and running will take months. That could force the government to go slower on restarts, though some politicians are keen to forge ahead.

"We can no longer go back to a life that depends on candles," ruling party heavyweight Yoshito Sengoku said in an interview with the Sankei newspaper this week.

The Nuclear and Industry Safety Agency, the current watchdog, has approved stress tests for Shikoku Electric Power Co Inc's 890-megawatt No.3 reactor in Ikata, southern Japan. Next on the list for possible approval are two Hokkaido Electric Power reactors in Tomari, northern Japan and Hokuriku Electric's two in Shika, western Japan.

"Basically he (Noda) doesn't want to wait but ... it would attract criticism so the government would be cautious if they are clever," said Hiroshi Takahashi, a Fujitsu Research Institute fellow and member of a panel advising the government on energy policies.

(This story has been refiled to fixe typo in second paragraph)

(Additional reporting by Aaron Sheldrick and Kentaro Hamada; Editing by Ron Popeski)



http://jp.reuters.com/article/topNews/idJPTYE85F00Q20120616

政府が大飯原発再稼働を正式決定、関電は本日中に起動作業
2012年 06月 16日 15:36 JST

[東京/大阪 16日 ロイター] 政府は16日、関西電力(9503.T: 株価, ニュース, レポート)大飯原子力発電所3、4号機(福井県おおい町)の再稼働を正式決定した。同日午前に福井県の西川一誠知事が首相官邸を訪問し、野田佳彦首相ら関係閣僚に再稼働に同意する意思を伝えた。

その後の4大臣会合で野田首相は「大飯発電所3、4号機を再起動させることを政府の最終的な判断とする」と表明した。関電は同日中に起動作業に着手する。

昨年3月11日に東京電力(9501.T: 株価, ニュース, レポート)福島第1原子力発電所で事故が発生して以来、停止中の原発が運転を再開するのは初めて。関電によると3号機の発電開始は早ければ7月4日、4号機は同20日となる見通し。今年5月5日に北海道電力(9509.T: 株価, ニュース, レポート)泊原発3号機が定期検査に入ったことで全国に50基ある原発は全て稼動がストップした状態が続いているが、大飯3、4号の再稼働することで、原発が基幹電源となって以降は初となった「全国で原発稼働ゼロ」は約2カ月間で解消する。

発電量で国内の約3割を担う原発の全基停止という事態を受け、政府は5月18日、関電など7電力管内で数値目標の伴う節電対策を発表した。原子力比率が高い関電の場合、節電目標は15%以上(7月2日から9月28日まで)と全国で最も高いが、大飯3、4号(合計出力236万キロワット)が再稼働した場合、2割に近い夏場の需給ギャップが解消すると試算されていた。

枝野幸男経済産業相は4大臣会合後に記者会見し、節電要請の見直しについて「(大飯3、4号から)電力が供給される状況になるまで国民、産業界への節電への協力を引き続きお願いしないといけない。今日から始まる再稼働に向けた作業の状況を見ながら判断していく」と述べた。関電の八木誠社長は同日正午から大阪市内の本店で記者会見し、8月の電力不足は計算上、ほぼ解消する見通しを示したうえで、「(電力供給状況は)決して楽観的なものではない」と指摘した。

大飯3、4号以外の原発の再稼働について枝野経産相は「再稼働のプロセスには原子力安全委員会の協力が必要だが、残念ながら安全委の協力を3月末から頂けていない。独立機関の安全委は内閣が指揮命令する関係ではなく、安全委の協力を得るのは困難」との認識を示した。一方、原子力の新規制組織の設置法案が今国会で成立することが確実となり、9月までに内閣から独立性を持った「原子力規制委員会」が発足する見通し。枝野氏は「新規制機関が安全性を確認した場合に初めて内閣として様々な対応が可能になる」と述べた。

(ロイターニュース、浜田健太郎 長田善行 編集:伊賀大記)

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